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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

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The Characteristics of Postprandial Proximal Gastric Acid Pocket in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Jing Wu, Dong Liu, Cheng Feng, Yumei Luo, Yuanyuan Nian, Xueqin Wang, Jun Zhang

(Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: CLR170-176

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.904964

BACKGROUND: Postprandial proximal gastric acid pocket (PPGAP) plays important roles in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of PPGAP in GERD.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 17 normal participants and 20 GERD patients who completed a gastroesophageal reflux disease questionnaire (GerdQ) and underwent a gastroscopy, a high-resolution manometry, an esophageal 24-hour pH monitoring, and a station pull-through pH monitoring to assess their symptomatic degree, endoscopic change, acid exposure, and PPGAP.
RESULTS: PPGAP was present in all participants. Compared with normal participants, the PPGAP in GERD patients was significantly different, thus the disappearing time was significantly later (p<0.001), the lasting time was significantly longer (p<0.001), the length was significantly longer (p<0.001), and the lowest pH and the mean pH were significantly lower (p<0.001). The length of PPGAP in GERD patients was positively correlated with GerdQ score (p<0.05). The disappearing time, the lasting time, and the length of PPGAP in GERD patients was positively correlated with the DeMeester score (p<0.01). The lowest pH and the mean pH of PPGAP in GERD patients was negatively correlated with the DeMeester score (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: PPGAP was generally present. PPGAP in GERD patients had characteristics of long time period, long length, and high acidity. Its length was positively correlated with subjective symptomatic degree. Its period, length, and acidity were positively correlated with the objective acid exposure. PPGAP seems to be the originator of acid reflux events and plays important roles in GERD.

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