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Yan Zhang, Zhiyin Feng, Weina Wang, Juanjuan Dong, Xiaojin Gong, Hongwei Pu, Xiao Chen
(Department of Pathology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:5246-5253
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a worldwide concern. This study looked at the relationship between the expression of differential proteins and the clinicopathological data and survival rate of ESCC patients to identify potential tumor markers for the growth and metastasis of ESCC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 162 patients who underwent surgical excision for management of ESCC. Fresh ESCC tissue and adjacent normal tissue specimens were collected. Protein expressions were detected by western blotting. The expression of Hsp27 and P38MAPK were detected by immunohistochemistry in formalin-fixed paraffin embedded primary tissue specimens.
RESULTS: The rate of positive Hsp27 and P38MAPK expression in ESCC tissue were higher than in normal esophageal tissue (p<0.05). The expression of P38MAPK was related to the depth of infiltration (p<0.05). The expression of Hsp27 was correlated with lymph node metastasis (p<0.05), but not with age, depth of infiltration, or tumor size. ROC were plotted to estimate the significance of the diagnosis: for Hsp27, AUC=0.735 (p<0.05), for P38MAPK, AUC=0.882 (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The expression of Hsp27 and P38MAPK plays a role in ESCC development. Hsp27 and P38MAPK could be used as prognostic factors in ESCC.