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Kehan Xu, Bo Jiang
(Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology, Department of Gastroenterology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4422-4430
The aim of this study was to compare the microbiota community structure, assess differences in intestinal bacterial types, and identify metagenomic biomarkers for disparate stages of colorectal cancer formation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 160 individuals were recruited: 61 cases with non-tumor colon were regarded as the normal group, 47 cases with histology-substantiated colorectal adenomas were regarded as the adenoma group, and 52 cases with invasive adenocarcinomas were regarded as the cancer group. Biopsy on the mucosa was performed on each subject. USEARCH was used to process the sequences data and generate OTUs. Gut mucosal microbiota from healthy controls, adenoma patients, and carcinoma patients were analyzed.
RESULTS: Principal coordinate analysis of unweighted and weighted UniFrac distance showed a separation in composition of microbiota in the 3 groups. Bacteria with potential tumorigenesis, like Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium, were more common in the carcinoma group, while some SCFA (short chain fatty acids) – producing microbes were enriched in the normal group. The commensal Escherichia were more abundant in adenoma patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides insights into possible function of gut microbiota in diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. Some bacteria, such as Butyricicoccus, E. coli, and Fusobacterium, can be used as potential biomarkers for normal, adenoma, and cancer groups, respectively.