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Leptocarpin Suppresses Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Human Osteosarcoma by Targeting Type-1 Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor (IGF-1R)

Shao-wei Zheng, Wen-guo Wan, Hai-xiong Miao, Rui Tang, Bin Wang, Qi-zhi Huang, Wei-le Liu, Jian-ping Zheng, Chu-qun Chen, Hao-bo Zhong, Sheng-fa Li, Chun-han Sun

(Department of Orthopedics, Huizhou Medical Research Center, Huizhou 1st People’s Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:4132-4140

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.903427

BACKGROUND: Leptocarpin (LTC) has drawn much attention for suppressing tumor growth or reducing inflammation. However, the effect of LTC on osteosarcoma has rarely been reported. Our object was to determine whether LTC suppresses MG63 cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and whether type-1 insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) is one of the targets in LTC suppressing osteosarcoma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity of LTC was performed by use of a cell-counting kit-8 (CCK-8). RNA interference (RNAi) or pEABE-bleo IGF-1R plasmid were used for silencing or overexpressing IGF-1R, Western blot (WB) analysis was used for IGF-1R expression, CCK-8 for proliferation, and transwell assay for migration and invasion.
RESULTS: LTC (23.533 μM) treatment for 48 h was taken as the 50% inhibiting concentration (IC50), which significantly (P<0.05) suppressed MG63 cells proliferation, migration, and invasion. LTC (IC50) obviously inhibited IGF-1R expression in MG63 cells, with similar effect to small interfering RNA (siRNA), while pEABE-bleo IGF-1R transfection overexpressed IGF-1R. siRNA silencing IGF-1R suppressed MG63 cells proliferation, migration, and invasion, while pEABE-bleo IGF-1R transfection was significantly (P<0.05) promoted. With or without siRNA or pEABE-bleo IGF-1R transfection, LTC (IC50) suppressed MG63 cells proliferation, migration, and invasion. The effect of LTC (IC50) combined with siRNA on suppressing MG63 cells proliferation, migration, and invasion was more obvious, while the effect of LTC (IC50) combined with pEABE-bleo IGF-1R transfection was less significant (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: LTC suppressed osteosarcoma proliferation, migration, and invasion by inhibiting IGF-1R expression. IGF-1R is one of the targets in LTC suppressing osteosarcoma.

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