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Aortic Remodeling Following Sun’s Procedure for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection

Jiawen Luo, Xianming Fu, Yangzhao Zhou, Hao Tang, Guobao Song, Tao Tang, Xiaobo Liao, Xinmin Zhou

(Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:2143-2150

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.900345

BACKGROUND: Sun’s procedure is a surgical technique widely used in type A aortic dissection. The purpose of this study was to analyze clinical outcomes and morphologic changes in true and false lumen by computed tomography (CT) angiography after Sun’s procedure.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 51 patients who underwent Sun’s procedure for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection extending down to iliac bifurcation between January 2013 and December 2014. The images of preoperative, one-month, three-month, and six-month follow-up were analyzed by CT angiography to measure the area and diameter of true and false lumen.
RESULTS: Four patients died before surgical intervention and postoperative deaths occurred in five patients (in-hospital mortality rate 10.6%). Only 42 patients (36 male, 6 female; mean age, 45.9±9.8 years; range, 24–65 years) with acute type A aortic dissection were involved in our study. Thirty-five patients (83.3%) suffered from chest or abdominal pain and only one patient (2.4%) was asymptomatic. Thirty-seven patients (88.1%) had hypertension as the most common comorbidity. In the ascending aorta, false lumen was eliminated and the change of true lumen was not significant (p>0.05). In the descending aorta, complete and partial thrombosis of false lumen were observed in eight patients (19.0%) and 33 patients (78.6%) by one-month follow-up CT scan, respectively. After the six-month follow-up, the rate of complete thrombosis increased to 36.1% and partial thrombosis decreased to 61.9%. The area and maximal diameter of true lumen were increased significantly (p<0.05), whereas significant decreases were found in the area and maximal diameter of false lumen (p<0.05). In the abdominal aorta, thrombosis was found in 52.4% patients at one-month follow-up CT. Furthermore, there were no significant changes in both true and false lumen within three months (p>0.05). Nevertheless, the false luminal area and maximal diameter decreased significantly (p<0.05) after six months, while these changes of true lumen were not significant (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: After Sun’s procedure, aortic remodeling was a continuous process and occurred in a predictable model, and the extent of aortic remodeling varied at different levels. Remodeling in descending thoracic aorta was earlier than it was in abdominal aorta.

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