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Maojing Wang, Yang Ji, Shanglang Cai, Wei Ding
(Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:5011-5020
We investigated whether microRNA-206 (miR-206) is abnormally expressed in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The potential mechanism by which miR-206 may regulate CAD progression was also studied.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 78 CAD patients in the case group and 65 subjects in the control group were enrolled in this study so that the correlation between miR-206 and CAD could be accurately determined. Serum total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were detected using a biochemistry analyzer. MiR-206 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression levels were tested using either reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or western blot. Associations between miR-206 expression and different clinicopathological features of CAD patients were also analyzed. CAD cells were transfected with miR-206 mimic (miR-206), its negative control (miR-NC), miR-206 inhibitor (anti-miR-206), and its negative control (anti-miR-NC), respectively. Flow cytometry was conducted to explore the function of miR-206 in CAD cell apoptosis after transfection. Moreover, transwell assay was carried out to study the migratory ability of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in CAD patients.
RESULTS: MiR-206 expression was enriched in both diseased EPCs and plasma of CAD patients. No significant correlation was found between decrease in miR-206 expression and different clinicopathological features. In addition, miR-206 significantly suppressed the viability and invasion of EPCs in CAD patients, and it promoted the apoptosis of their EPCs. Moreover, we found that miR-206 is able to inhibit VEGF expression.
CONCLUSIONS: As suggested by our study, MiR-206 can be a novel benign biomarker for CAD because it may regulate VEGF expression.