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Zhongyong Jiang, Wanqing Xu, Gang Dan, Yuan Liu, Jie Xiong
(Department of Clinical Laboratory, Chengdu Military General Hospital, Chengdu Military District, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland))
Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:4786-4793
Endometrial lesions are common in obstetrics and gynecology, including endometrial polyps, uterine adenomyosis, and malignant endometrial adenocarcinoma. Endometrial lesions seriously affect women’s health, fertility, quality of life, and life safety. As a pro-apoptosis gene, p53 is considered to be closely related with human tumors. Murine double mimute 2 (MDM2) is an oncogene that can promote tumor occurrence and development. P53 and MDM2 expression and significance in different types of endometrial lesions have not been fully elucidated.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Normal endometrium, endometrial polyps, uterine adenomyosis, and endometrial adenocarcinoma tissue samples were collected. Real-time PCR was used to detect p53 and MDM2 mRNA expression. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis were applied to test p53 and MDM2 protein expression. Their correlation with clinical staging of endometrial adenocarcinoma was analyzed.
RESULTS: P53 and MDM2 mRNA and protein expression were significantly elevated in the endometrial polyps group and the endometrial adenocarcinoma group compared with the normal control group (P<0.05). Their levels increased more obviously in endometrial adenocarcinoma compared with endometrial polyps (P<0.05). P53 and MDM2 mRNA and protein expression were slightly enhanced in uterine adenomyosis compared with normal controls, but this difference lacked statistical significance (P>0.05). P53 and MDM2 mRNA and protein level showed a positive correlation. Significantly higher expression of p53 or MDM2 was observed in patients with stage III compared to those in patients with stage II. Higher expression was also observed in patients with stage II than in patients with stage I.
CONCLUSIONS: P53 and MDM2 mRNA and protein were elevated in endometrial polyps and endometrial adenocarcinoma and their expressions were correlated with clinical staging of endometrial adenocarcinoma. They can promote cancer occurrence and development, and can be treated to assist diagnosis and provide a reference for treatment.
Keywords: Adenomyosis - pathology, Adenocarcinoma - pathology, Adult, Diagnosis, Differential, Endometrial Neoplasms - pathology, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Neoplasm Staging, Polyps - pathology, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 - genetics, Quality of Life, RNA, Messenger - metabolism, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - genetics