Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST


Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Predictive Values of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width in Assessing Severity of Chronic Heart Failure

Sen Liu, Ping Wang, Ping-Ping Shen, Jian-Hua Zhou

(Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Weihai Central Hospital of Weifang Medical College, Wendeng, Shandong, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2016; 22:2119-2125

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.898103

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was performed to evaluate the value of baseline red blood cell distribution width (RDW) for predicting the severity of chronic heart failure (CHF) compared with N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP) and other hematological and biochemical parameters.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hematological and biochemical parameters were obtained from 179 patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) CHF class I (n=44), II (n=39), III (n=41), and IV (n=55). Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were used for assessing predictive values.
RESULTS: RDW increased significantly in class III and IV compared with class I (14.3±2.3% and 14.3±1.7% vs. 12.9±0.8%, P<0.01). Areas under ROCs (AUCs) of RDW and NT-ProBNP for class IV HF were 0.817 and 0.840, respectively. RDW was markedly elevated in the mortality group compared with the survival group (13.7±1.7 vs. 15.8±1.8, P<0.01). The predictive value of RDW was lower than that of NT-ProBNP but was comparable to white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (NEU), lymphocyte (L), and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (N/L) for mortality during hospitalization, with AUCs of 0.837, 0.939, 0.858, 0.891, 0.885, and 0.885, respectively. RDW and NT-proBNP showed low predictive values for repeated admission (≥3). RDW was an independent risk factor for mortality (OR=2.531, 95% CI: 1.371–4.671).
CONCLUSIONS: RDW increased significantly in class III and IV patients and in the mortality group. The predictive value of RDW is comparable to NT-proBNP for class IV and lower than that of NT-proBNP for mortality. Elevated RDW is an independent risk factor for mortality.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree