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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Effect of Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ Pro12Ala Polymorphism on Colorectal Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis

Zhijiang Wei, Guoda Han, Xiyong Bai

(1st Department of Tumor Surgery, Cangzhou Central Hospital, Cangzhou, Hebei, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2015; 21:1611-1616

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.892849


BACKGROUND: The association between peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) Pro12Ala polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is still controversial. A meta-analysis was performed.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochran databases. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Fixed-effects and random-effects models were used. Dominant model, recessive model, and additive model were used in this meta-analysis.
RESULTS: Fifteen studies including 13575 cases and 17085 controls were included in our meta-analysis. Result of this meta-analysis found that PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism was significantly associated with a reduced risk of CRC (OR=0.90; 95% CI 0.83–0.98; P=0.01). No significant association was found between PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism and CRC risk in Asians (OR=0.80; 95% CI 0.60–1.09; P=0.15). However, PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism was significantly associated with a reduced risk of CRC in Caucasians (OR=0.91; 95% CI 0.83–0.99; P=0.03). When stratified analysis was performed by CRC site, no positive association was found between PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism and rectal cancer (OR=0.95; 95% CI 0.74–1.22; P=0.71). However, a reduced risk of colon cancer was observed (OR=0.85; 95% CI 0.76–0.94; P=0.002).
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, this study suggests that PPARγ Pro12Ala polymorphism was a protective factor of CRC.

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