H-Index
79
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
16%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo

Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
AmJCaseRep

Annals
ISI-Home

eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

A step towards the discrimination of beta-lactamase-producing clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry

Reiner Schaumann, Nicolas Knoop, Gelimer H. Genzel, Kevin Losensky, Christiane Rosenkranz, Catalina S. Stîngu, Wolfgang Schellenberger, Arne C. Rodloff, Klaus Eschrich

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(9): MT71-77

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.883339


Background:    Matrix-Assisted Laser-Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has already proven to be a powerful tool for species identification in microbiological laboratories. As adequate and rapid screening methods for antibiotic resistance are crucially needed, the present study investigated the discrimination potential of MALDI-TOF MS among extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL) or metallo-beta-lactamases- (MBL) producing and the nonproducing strains of Escherichia coli (n=19), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=19), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n=38), respectively.
    Material/Methods:    We used a MALDI-TOF MS protocol, usually applied for species identification, in order to integrate a screening method for beta-lactamases into the routine species identification workflow. The acquired spectra were analyzed by visual inspection, statistical similarity analysis and support vector machine (SVM) classification algorithms.
    Results:    Neither visual inspection nor mathematical similarity analysis allowed discrimination between spectra of beta-lactamase-producing and the nonproducing strains, but classification within a species by SVM-based algorithms could achieve a correct classification rate of up to 70%.
    Conclusions:    This shows that MALDI-TOF MS has definite potential to discriminate antibiotic-resistant strains due to ESBL and MBL production from nonproducing strains, but this performance is not yet sufficiently reliable for routine microbiological diagnostics.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree