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A novel TP53 somatic mutation involved in the pathogenesis of pediatric choroid plexus carcinoma

Sheng-Qing Lv, Ye-Chun Song, Jian-Ping Xu, Hai-Feng Shu, Zheng Zhou, Ning An, Qi-Lin Huang, Hui Yang

Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(5): CS37-41

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.882720

Background:    Choroid plexus carcinoma (CPC) is an uncommon, aggressive, malignant, central nervous system neoplasm that typically occurs in children, presenting with the signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension and cerebrospinal fluid obstruction.
    Case Report:    We report the case of a 2.5-year-old girl with CPC. The tumor was subtotally removed by microsurgery, followed by gamma knife radiosurgery for the residual lesion. H&E staining indicated that this was a rare case of CPC. Neuropathological studies, assayed by immunohistochemical staining, showed that the tumor sample was positive to antibodies against S-100, CgA, AE1/AE3 (cytokeratin), Ki-67, INI1 and TP53, and was negative to antibodies against Nestin, GFAP, CD133, EMA and AFP. Moreover, stainings for transthyretin and vimentin were focally positive. Interestingly, direct DNA sequencing of the paraffin-embedded tumor sample identified a novel R248Q mutation in the TP53 gene. In contrast to previous reports suggesting that TP53 germline mutations were associated with the pathogenesis of CPC, here we provide a rare case of CPC with TP53 somatic mutation, as evidence that the peritumoral tissue possesses the non-mutant TP53 allele.
    Conclusions:    Our finding suggests that TP53 somatic mutations, in addition to its germline mutations, may also be involved in the pathogenesis of pediatric CPC.

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