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Meletios A. Kanakis, Fotios A. Mitropoulos, Michalis Katsimpoulas, Constantinos Dimitriou, Michalis Peroulis, Nikolaos Kostomitsopoulos, Achilleas Lioulias, Alkiviadis Kostakis
Med Sci Monit 2011; 17(1): BR10-15
Background: The feasibility and the hemodynamic outcome of Fontan circulation, without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass, were studied on a beating heart of an adolescent pig model, using a modified total cavopulmonary connection.
Material/Methods: Eight open-chest anesthetized pigs underwent a successful total cavopulmonary connection with the use of an appropriate Y-shaped Dacron-type conduit. Through a median sternotomy, the distal part of the superior vena cava was anastomosed end-to-end to one side of the conduit. The other side of the graft was anastomosed end-to-side to the main pulmonary artery. The conduit was tailored to an appropriate length and anastomosed end-to-end to the inferior vena cava. The hemodynamic status of the animals was recorded before and after the establishment of the total cavopulmonary connection.
Results: Forty-five minutes after completion of total cavopulmonary connection, and for a total of 1 hour, hemodynamic measurements showed a decrease in mean arterial and mean pulmonary artery pressures, heart rate and cardiac output. The inferior vena caval pressure and total pulmonary vascular resistance were increased.
Conclusions: A total cavopulmonary connection, performed on a beating heart, without extracorporeal circulation or other means of temporary bypass, although it is technically demanding, is feasible.