H-Index
75
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
18%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo



eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Database assessment of the effectiveness of brand versus generic rosiglitazone in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Ronen Loebstein, Itzhak Katzir, Janet Vasterman-Landes, Hillel Halkin, Yossef Lomnicky

Med Sci Monit 2008; 14(6): CR323-326

ID: 859036


Background: To compare the effectiveness of brand rosiglitazone maleate (BRM) versus generic rosiglitazone HCl (GRH) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, using computerized records of a healthcare organization. Retrospective, longitudinal database analysis.
Material and Method: Comparison of HbA1C reduction in patients starting treatment with either BRM (n=740) or GRH (n=306) in the years 2004-2005.
Results: BRM users were older (63.5+/-11 vs. 61.7+/-10 years p<0.001) and presented more cardiovascular disorders (38% vs. 25%, p<0.001) with no differences in gender distribution, rates of hypertension or use of concomitant oral hypoglycemic drugs. Use of concomitant insulin was more frequent (17.7% vs. 6.2%, p<0.0001), rates of dispensed rosiglitazone doses >4 mg/d (65.3% vs. 48.5%, p<0.001) and treatment duration was longer (9.3+/-6.2 vs. 5.2+/-2.2 months, p<0.001) with the generic formulation. Baseline HbA1C levels were higher (9.0+/-1.5 vs. 8.6+/-1.2%, p<0.001) and the absolute decrease in HbA1C levels was greater in the GRH group (-1.2+/-1.6% vs. -0.5+/-1.7%, p<0.001). On multiple regression analysis, the decrease in HbA1C (dependent variable) was associated mainly with initial HbA1C level (partial r2=0.30). Rosiglitazone formulation (partial r2=0.02), age, treatment duration and concomitant insulin (partial r2=0.006) were all significant but minor predictors, with no effect of rosiglitazone daily dose. Mean regression-predicted decreases in HbA1C (with 95% CL) were not significantly different between the two rosiglitazone formulations: -1.6% (-4.3% to +1.1%) for GRH and -1.1% (-3.8% to +1.6%) for BRM.
Conclusions: In this retrospective database analysis, we found no evidence of different effectiveness of generic vs. brand rosiglitazone in lowering HbA1C levels.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree