H-Index
75
Scimago Lab
powered by Scopus
JCR
Clarivate
Analytics
18%
Acceptance
Rate
call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon-Fri 10 am - 2 pm EST

Logo



eISSN: 1643-3750

Get your full text copy in PDF

Stroke in young adults: a study from a university hospital in north India

Man Mohan Mehndiratta, Puneet Agarwal, Kaushik Sen, Bhawna Sharma

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(9): CR535-541

ID: 11748


Background:The present study was conducted in order to analyze the clinical characteristics, stroke types and etiology of stroke in young persons.Material/Methods: The present study was conducted in order to analyze the clinical characteristics, stroke types and etiology of stroke in young persons.Results: Stroke in young patients accounted for 13.5% (127/940) of all cerebrovascular accident (CVA) cases admitted to the Department of Neurology between 1988 and 1997. Ischemic stroke accounted for 85.8% of the young patients of young stroke, while 14.2% had spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). In cases of cerebral infarction, 29.4% of these patients (32/109) had cardioembolic stroke, followed by atherosclerotic occlusive disease in 22% (24/109), and nonatherosclerotic vascular disease in 15.6% (17/109) of patients. 13 patients had a metabolic etiology, while the cause was undetermined in 11 cases (10.09%). 17.3% of the young patients (22/127) had no risk factors, while 27.55% (35/127) had multiple risk factors.Conclusions: The major risk factors for stroke in our young patients were hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and smoking. Oral contraceptives, alcohol and illicit drug use were infrequent risk factors, in contrast to Western studies. Cardioembolic stroke and atherosclerotic occlusive disease were the most common cause of ischemic stroke.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree