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eISSN: 1643-3750

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Total body water estimation and maternal cardiac systolic function assessment in normal and gestational hypertensive pregnant women

Herbert Valensise, Barbara Vasapollo, Gian Paolo Novelli, Giovanni Larciprete, Angela Andreoli, Francesco Altomare, Giuseppe Di Pierro, Alberto Galante, Domenico Arduini, Antonino De Lorenzo

Med Sci Monit 2004; 10(9): CR530-534

ID: 11746


Background: The importance of establishing correlations between cardiac function (cardiac output and stroke volume) and total body water (TBW) content in normal and hypertensive pregnancy focuses primarily on their potential relevance in treatment. Total body water content and cardiac function were evaluated in 25 normotensive (N) and 22 gestational hypertensive (GH) pregnant women matched for age, gestational age, and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) during the third trimester of gestation.Material/Methods: Patients underwent maternal echocardiography, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and hematocrit (Hct) evaluation, and the water balance index (WBI), i.e. the ratio of total body water to hematocrit, was computed. Hematocrit showed significantly lower values in normal than in GH women (31.9±2.2% vs. 36.2±2.5%; p

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