29 March 2021>: Clinical Research
Effects of Synchronized Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) on the Submental Muscles During Ingestion of a Specified Volume of Soft Food in Patients with Mild-to-Moderate Dysphagia Following StrokeQian Zhang 12ACE , Shuang Wu 12ABFG*
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e928988
Table 2 Differences in DOSS scores before and after treatment.
|Group||Before median (IQR)||After median (IQR)||P value*||Improvement median (IQR)|
|CT N=28||3 (2.75)||4 (3.75)||1 (0.75)|
|ET N=28||3 (2)||5 (4.75)||2 (2)|
|IST N=27||4 (3)||6 (6)||2 (2)|
|CT – conventional training; DOSS – Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale; ET – eating training; IST – intensive swallowing training; IQR – interquartile range.|
* Before vs after;
** Among the 3 groups;
*** CT group vs ET group;
# CT group vs IST group;
## ET group vs IST group.