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21 October 2021 : Database Analysis  

[In Press] MS4A1 as a Potential Independent Prognostic Factor of Breast Cancer Related to Lipid Metabolism and Immune Microenvironment Based on TCGA Database Analysis

Shilin Li1CDE, Yi Fang1A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934597

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934597  

Available online: 2021-10-21, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Lipid metabolism has been proved to be related to the prognosis of breast cancer patients in previous studies, and the tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) plays an important role in tumorigenesis and development, but the dynamic regulation of these is still a challenge.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
This study used lipid metabolism-related pathways to score the gene expression of 980 breast cancer patients in the TCGA database. We used 4 pathways in HALLMARK related to lipid metabolism to score the genes in the database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were further analyzed through survival analysis and Cox regression analysis, and MS4A1, which is associated with better prognosis, was finally determined to be a predictor. In-depth analysis found that MS4A1 was negatively correlated with patient age, clinical stage, tumor size, and distant metastasis. In the MS4A1 high-expression group, most genes were enriched in immune-related pathways, and CIBERSORT analysis found that MS4A1 expression was positively correlated with the abundance of 10 kinds of immune cells, such as CD8+T cells, which are related to the active immune status.
RESULTS
Our results suggest that MS4A1 expression can indicate the situation of lipid metabolism in breast cancer patients and reflect the status of the immune microenvironment.
CONCLUSIONS
MS4A1 has the potential to be an independent indicator of prognosis. Since the expression of MS4A1 is also related to the immune checkpoint mutation burden, detecting its expression level can also provide guidance for choosing treatment options.

Keywords: Biomarkers; Breast Neoplasms; Lipid Metabolism; Tumor Microenvironment

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Scientific Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935624

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

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Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102  

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

In Press

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Astragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830  

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Alteration of Serum Metabolites in Women of Reproductive Age with Chronic Constipation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934117  

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Body Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Ce...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942  

03 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

A Retrospective Single-Center Study of 23 Patients to Compare Gait Before and After Total Hip Arthroplasty ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934558  

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750