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06 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

[In Press] Body Composition Changes and Related Factors in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis: A Retrospective Single-Center Study in China

Rongyu Wang1ABCDEFG, Xueli Ding1A, Zibin Tian1A, Xue Jing ORCID logo1ADG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933942  

Available online: 2021-12-06, In Press, Corrected Proof

Publication in the "In-Press" formula aims at speeding up the public availability of the pending manuscript while waiting for the final publication. The assigned DOI number is active and citable. The availability of the article in the Medline, PubMed and PMC databases as well as Web of Science will be obtained after the final publication according to the journal schedule

Abstract

BACKGROUND
This study retrospectively explored body composition changes and related factors in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC).
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Patients with UC and healthy individuals who served as the healthy control at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University September 2017 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data and laboratory examination indexes were collected. The skeletal muscle area (SMA) of the third lumbar vertebra cross-section, the subcutaneous fat area (SFA), and the visceral fat area (VFA) at the umbilical level were measured by computed tomography (CT), and the skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated to evaluate the loss of muscle mass.
RESULTS
Data from a total of 80 patients (median age, 49.49 years; 44 [55%] men) with active UC in the UC group and 80 healthy people age- and sex-matched in the healthy control group were collected. The incidence of low SMI and malnutrition was remarkably higher in the UC group than in the healthy control group (P<0.05). Low SMI was observed in 62.5% of UC patients who had a normal body mass index. Based on classification by the Truelove and Witts’ criteria, the prevalence of malnutrition in severe UC patients was remarkably higher than that in mild and moderate UC patients (P<0.05). Based on the disease extent, the prevalence of low SMI in E3 type UC was dramatically higher than that in E2 type (P=0.028).
CONCLUSIONS
Loss of muscle mass was related to disease extent in patients with UC. Loss of muscle mass is more likely to be associated with malnutrition.

Keywords: Body Composition; Inflammatory Bowel Diseases; Malnutrition

Editorial

01 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750