Efficacy of CO₂ Infusion for Preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiography with Computed Tomographic Colonography
Mayuko Haraikawa, Hikaru Kudo, Tomoyoshi Shibuya, Yosuke Kogure, Makoto Takase, Hidekazu Inage, Takuya Yokota, Hanni Htun, Eita Tagaya, Ruiheng Fan, Haruyoshi Houshito, Gentaro Taniguchi, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Akihito Nagahara
Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e931055
Available online: 2021-04-20
Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is useful for patients for whom colonoscopy may be difficult to perform and is widely employed to examine the vasculature prior to colorectal cancer surgery. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) was shown to be beneficial intraoperatively to manipulate blood vessels and prevent vascular injury. Three-dimensional (3D)-CTA combined with CTC (3D-CTA with CTC) is useful for preoperative evaluations of the anatomy of mesenteric vessels, colon, and lymph nodes. We observed that when the intestine was dilated with carbon dioxide (CO₂), the arteriovenous delineation was often more pronounced than without CO₂. To clarify the effects of gas injection with and without CO₂ on hemodynamics and vascular passage, we compared the effect of contrast for blood vessels.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients with resectable colorectal cancer who underwent a preoperative CT examination at our institution from January to October 2019 were study participants. Of these, 15 underwent 3D-CTA and 15 had 3D-CTA with CTC. Three board-certified radiologists independently and blindly evaluated 18 blood vessels. CT values for each blood vessel were measured on each image.
RESULTS: CT values for 3D-CTA with CTC were significantly higher with CO₂ than without CO₂. The quality of 3D-CTA with CTC images for visualization of blood vessels was also significantly greater than that of 3D-CTA, especially those of arterial and intramesenteric venous systems.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on the higher image quality and CT values obtained by 3D-CTA with CTC for vessels, compared with by 3D-CTA imaging, 3D-CTA with CTC imaging might be useful in evaluating colorectal cancers.
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide, Colonic Neoplasms, Colonography, Computed Tomographic