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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Decreased HLF Expression Predicts Poor Survival in Lung Adenocarcinoma

Zaiyan Wang, Xiaoning Li, Hao Chen, Li Han, Xiaobin Ji, Qiubo Wang, Li Wei, Yafang Miao, Jing Wang, Jianfeng Mao, Zeming Zhang

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences Affiliated Zhoupu Hospital, Shanghai, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929333

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.929333

Available online: 2021-02-25

Published: 2021-05-12


BACKGROUND: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a type of non-small cell carcinoma. Its pathogenesis is being explored and there is no cure for the disease.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) was searched to obtain data on expression of messenger RNA. GEO2R, an interactive web tool, was used to calculate the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in LUAD. All the DEGs from different datasets were imported into VENNY 2.1 (https://bioinfogp.cnb.csic.es/tools/venny/index.html) to identify the intersection of the DEGs. An online analysis tool, the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery (DAVID), was used to help understand the biological meaning of DEG enrichment in LUAD. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was used to perform centrality analysis and visualize hub genes and related networks. Furthermore, the prognostic value of the hub genes was evaluated with the Kaplan-Meier plotter survival analysis tool.
RESULTS: The GEO database was used to obtain RNA sequencing information for LUAD and normal tissue from the GSE118370, GSE136043, and GSE140797 datasets. A total of 376 DEGs were identified from GSE118370, 248 were identified from GSE136403, and 718 DEGs were identified from GSE140797. The 10 genes with the highest degrees of expression - the hub genes - were CAV1, TEK, SLIT2, RHOJ, DGSX, HLF, MEIS1, PTPRD, FOXF1, and ADRB2. In addition, Kaplan-Meier survival evaluation showed that CAV1, TEK, SLIT2, HLF, MEIS1, PTPRD, FOXF1, and ADRB2 were associated with favorable outcomes for LUAD.
CONCLUSIONS: CAV1, TEK, SLIT2, HLF, MEIS1, PTPRD, FOXF1, and ADRB2 are hub genes in the DEG interaction network for LUAD and are involved in the development of and prognosis for the disease. The mechanisms underlying these genes should be the subject of further studies.

Keywords: Biological Markers, Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung, Survival Analysis