Beyond Sociodemographic and COVID-19-Related Factors: The Association Between the Need for Psychological and Information Support from School and Anxiety and Depression
Na Meng, Zheng Liu, Ya Wang, Yan Feng, Qin Liu, Junqiang Huang, Xiaolin Li
Mental Health Center, West China Hospital/West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e929280
Available online: 2021-03-15
In addition to sociodemographic and COVID-19- related factors, the needs of school support, including material, psychological and information support, have seldom been discussed as factors influencing anxiety and depression among college students during the COVID-19 pandemic.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 3351 college students from China were surveyed through questionnaires about their sociodemographic and COVID-19 characteristics, the needs of school support, and their experiences with anxiety and depression.
RESULTS: Anxiety and depression were reported by 6.88% and 10.50% of students, respectively. Married, higher education, non-medical, and urban students had significantly higher risks of anxiety or depression. Additionally, symptoms such as cough and fever, especially when following a possible contact with suspected individuals, quarantine history of a personal contact, going out 1-3 times a week, not wearing a mask, and spending 2-3 hours browsing COVID-19-related information were significantly associated with the occurrence of anxiety or depression. Those who used methods to regulate their emotional state, used a psychological hotline, and who had visited a psychiatrist showed higher anxiety or depression. Those who used online curricula and books, used preventive methods for COVID-19, and who had real-time information about the epidemic situation of the school showed lower anxiety and depression.
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to sociodemographic and COVID-19-related aspects, students’ needs for psychological assistance and information from schools were also associated with anxiety and depression among college students.
Keywords: Anxiety, COVID-19, Depression, Needs Assessment, Students