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19 December 2020 : Database Analysis

Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients with Liver Injury

Dali Zhang1ABCE*, Zhenyu Zhu1BDF, Jingfeng Bi2C, Danni Feng1F, Lijuan Zhang1CD, Hongling Liu1DE, Yinjie Gao1ADFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.928849

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928849

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Emerging studies noted that liver injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients may be induced by virus-mediated inflammation, which was confirmed by liver pathology. The aim of this study was to observe clinical characteristics and explore risk factors in COVID-19 patients with liver injury.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 40 confirmed COVID-19 patients with normal alanine transaminase (ALT) on admission were divided into a group of normal ALT patients whose ALT was always less than 40 U/l during hospitalization and a group of elevated ALT patients whose ALT was at least once more than 40 U/l after admission. Clinical data, especially virus-induced inflammatory parameters, were analyzed for risk factors and predictive value. The Mann-Whitney U test and t test for comparing means and logistic regression were performed for analysis of risk factors. Area under the ROC curve was used for predictive values.

RESULTS: Sixteen of 40 (40.0%) patients developed elevated ALT, many of them with more severe COVID-19. The highest ALT level was 101 U/l. The risk factors for liver injury were C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL6), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CD8+T cell count, and severity of disease, and CRP (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.045–1.222, p=0.002) was the independent risk factor.

CONCLUSIONS: Liver injury in COVID-19 patients was mild and associated with inflammatory markers, especially CRP, which suggests that liver injury may be induced by virus-mediated inflammation in COVID-19 patients.

Keywords: drug-induced liver injury, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750