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18 December 2020 : Clinical Research

Characteristics of Nosocomial Infections in Children Screened for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in China

Jun Shen1AE, Jing Sun1AE, Danyang Zhao2AE, Suyun Li3AE, Weiqiang Xiao4AE, Xian Cai1B, Jianjiang Yan1B, Weidong Zhu1B, Qiaozhi Guo2B, Xiulan Wen5B, Jinxia Wu3B, Xuan Shi3B, Daoju Jiang3C, Jing Huang3C, Jiaming Luo1C, Huan Chen6C, Yan Hong1C, Wencheng Ma3D, Guangming Liu3F, Haomei Yang3D, Qiang Wang3F, Yongling Song3F, Jinai Lin1D, Xin Sun7A, Peiqing Li3A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.928835

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928835

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study summarizes the characteristics of children screened for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and reports the case of 1 child who was diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center and the cases of his family members.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of 159 children who were admitted to our hospital from January 23 to March 20, 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Samples from pharyngeal or/and anal swabs were subjected to reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing for SARS-CoV-2 within 12 h of patient admission; a second RT-PCR test was done 24 h after the first test.

RESULTS: Of the 159 patients, 151 patients had epidemiological histories, 14 patients had cluster onset, and 8 patients had no epidemiological history but had symptoms similar to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The most common symptom was fever (n=125), followed by respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms. A 7-year-old boy in a cluster family from Wuhan was confirmed with asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection with ground-glass opacity shadows on his lung computed tomography scan, and his swab RT-PCR test had not turned negative until day 19 of his hospitalization. In patients who did not test positive for SARS-CoV-2, influenza, respiratory syncytial virus, and adenovirus were observed. A total of 158 patients recovered, were discharged, and experienced no abnormalities during follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: For SARS-CoV-2 nosocomial infections, taking a “standard prevention & contact isolation & droplet isolation & air isolation” strategy can prevent infection effectively. Children with clustered disease need close monitoring.

Keywords: Multiphasic Screening, Pandemics, Pediatrics, Primary Prevention

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750