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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Personality Traits, Stress, and Emotional Intelligence Associated with Central Serous Chorioretinopathy

Anita Pusic Sesar, Antonio Sesar, Kajo Bucan, Irena Sesar, Katarina Cvitkovic, Ivan Cavar

Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinical Hospital of Mostar, Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e928677

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.928677

Available online: 2020-11-10

Published: 2021-01-10

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits, stress, emotional intelligence, and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective case-control study included 57 patients with acute CSCR and 57 age- and sex-matched controls with refractive errors. Inclusion criteria for CSCR group were acute unilateral onset of visual disturbances within 2 weeks until the first visit to the ophthalmologist and ophthalmoscopic finding of a round or oval macular detachment confirmed by optical coherence tomography as a dome-shaped serous neuroretinal elevation.
RESULTS: Using the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16 PF), patients with CSCR achieved slightly higher scores on primary characteristics such as warmth (P=0.612) and perfectionism (P=0.137) when compared to the control subjects. Mean scores measured with the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) were significantly higher in patients with CSCR (P=0.004), which means that these patients had notably elevated average reactivity to stressful life events. In addition, the number of patients with a high stress level was higher in the CSCR group than in the control group. Considering the level of emotional intelligence measured with the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF), patients with CSCR achieved significantly lower scores on well-being (P=0.003) and sociability (P=0.011) factors, as well as on total score (P=0.014).
CONCLUSIONS: A higher level of perceived stress is the most important psychological risk factor for CSCR. According to our results, a low level of emotional intelligence may be an additional factor that contributes to the occurrence of CSCR.

Keywords: central serous chorioretinopathy, emotional intelligence, Stress, Psychological, Type A Personality