Comparison of Second- and Third-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Test Results in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease
Magdalena Wójtowicz, Wiesław Piechota, Zofia Wańkowicz, Jerzy Smoszna, Stanisław Niemczyk
Department of Laboratory Diagnostics, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928301
Available online: 2020-11-05
In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), secondary hyperparathyroidism is assessed by measuring serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. Well-established, recommended, second-generation intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) tests are typical; rarely are more recent third-generation PTH 1-84 assays used. The agreement between results of the 2 tests in patients with CKD has not been sufficiently defined.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study aimed to compare Roche second- and third-generation PTH assays by establishing a quantitative relationship between the results of assays in patients with CKD and assessing degree of their correlation with kidney function and calcium-phosphate and bone metabolism parameters. In 205 patients with stages 3 to 5D CKD and 30 healthy controls, we measured levels of iPTH and PTH (1-84), creatinine, urea, cystatin C, calcium, inorganic phosphate, magnesium, alkaline phosphatase, bone alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and ß-CrossLaps.
RESULTS: The third-generation PTH assay results were more than 40% lower than those obtained with the second-generation test in patients undergoing dialysis and approximately 30% lower in patients in the pre-dialysis period. PTH concentrations determined with both assays were almost to the same extent correlated with calcium-phosphate and bone metabolism parameters, and renal function indices. Formulas have been developed enabling 2-way conversion of PTH results determined with both the second- and third-generation PTH assays: For dialyzed patients, PTH (1-84)=0.5181iPTH+18.0595. Serum osteocalcin, ß-CrossLaps, and total calcium were independent predictors of PTH levels.
CONCLUSIONS: Correcting for the established quantitative differences, the second-and third-generation PTH tests can be used interchangeably, given the almost identical pathophysiological correlations of their results with calcium-phosphate and bone metabolism parameters.
Keywords: Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary, Parathyroid Hormone, chronic kidney disease