20 December 2020 : Animal Research
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e927491
BACKGROUND: We explored the effect of asthma on erectile dysfunction (ED) and the effects of the expression of related proteins.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used a bioinformatics database to predict the targets and pathways associated with asthma and ED. The rat model of asthma was caused by an ovalbumin solution. The number of erections in 30 min was observed by injecting apomorphine into the neck at a dose of 100 μg/kg. Rats with no erection were regarded as the model group (group B), and the previous random 6 normal rats were regarded as the control group (group A). We used hematoxylin and eosin (HE) to compare the tissue structure of the cavernous body of the penis. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were used to determine the expression levels of insulin (INS), interleukin 6 (IL6), albumin (ALB), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) at both the protein and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels.
RESULTS: HE staining results show that compared with group A, the blood sinus distribution of the cavernous body in group B was disordered, and the density of endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells decreased significantly. Western blotting and RT-qPCR showed that the levels of IL6, TNF, and VEGFA protein and mRNA in group B were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those in group A. The levels of INS and ALB were not significantly different between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of the results, we found that asthma caused pathological changes in the penises of rats and led to reduced erectile function via changes in the expression of IL6, TNF, and VEGFA proteins.
Keywords: Asthma, Biological Assay, Erectile Dysfunction, Models, Biological
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