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22 December 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Outcomes Following Thyroid Isthmusectomy, Unilateral Thyroid Lobectomy, and Total Thyroidectomy in Patients with Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma of the Thyroid Isthmus: A Retrospective Study at a Single Center

Zhiqiang Gui1ABCDEF, Zhihong Wang1AG*, Jingzhe Xiang1C, Wei Sun1ACDG, Liang He1A, Wenwu Dong1A, Jiapeng Huang1A, Dalin Zhang1A, Chengzhou Lv1A, Yuan Qin1A, Ting Zhang1A, Liang Shao1A, Ping Zhang1A, Hao Zhang1A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.927407

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e927407

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) measures less than 10 mm in diameter, is more common in the thyroid lobes, but rarely presents in the thyroid isthmus. This retrospective study aimed to compare patient outcomes following various types of surgery in patients with PTMC of the thyroid isthmus, at a single center in China.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data of patients with isthmus thyroid cancer treated at the First Hospital of China Medical University. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the tumor diameter-PTMC of the thyroid isthmus and papillary thyroid carcinoma >10 mm. The clinicopathological features between the 2 groups were compared, and the effects of various surgical methods on the prognosis of patients were analyzed.

RESULTS: A total of 70 patients were included in this study: 29 with PTMC of the thyroid isthmus (41.4%) and 41 with papillary thyroid carcinoma >10 mm (58.6%). The rates of lymph node metastasis (10.3% vs. 34.1%) and extrathyroid extension (0% vs. 14.6%) in the PTMC of the thyroid isthmus were significantly lower than those in the papillary thyroid carcinoma >10 mm. The recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was 97.1%. Survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in RFS among patients with PTMC of the thyroid isthmus undergoing isthmusectomy, unilateral lobectomy, and total thyroidectomy.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings from a single center showed that for patients with PTMC of the thyroid isthmus, who had no comorbidities, there was no significant difference in outcome between the 3 types of thyroid surgery.

Keywords: Endocrine Surgical Procedures, Thyroid Gland, Thyroid Neoplasms

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750