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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

Comparison of Oncoplastic Breast-Conserving Therapy and Standard Breast-Conserving Therapy in Early-Stage Breast Cancer Patients

Yuan Zhou, Yixiao Liu, Yu Wang, Yanfei Wu

Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University and The First Hospital of Jiaxing, Jiaxing, Zhejiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e927015

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.927015

Available online: 2020-10-26

Published: 2021-01-01


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of oncoplastic breast-conserving therapy (OBCT) and SBCT (standard breast-conserving therapy) in breast cancer surgery.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 192 breast cancer patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery during January 2015 to April 2018. The surgery strategies of OBCT and SBCT were performed according to the patients’ condition. For measurement of surgical cosmetic effects, the Harris scale, the modified objective scores, and the subjective evaluation were all used. The basic clinical characteristics, intraoperative indices, postoperative complications, metastasis, and recurrence during the 2-year follow-up were recorded.
RESULTS: The mean surgical time was remarkably longer and the resected volume was markedly larger in the OBCT group than in the SBCT group. The excellent and good ratios of Harris scale, the modified objective scores, and the ratio of very satisfied and satisfied patients by subjective scale were all significantly higher in the OBCT group than in the SBCT group. The occurrence rates of seroma and poor incision healing were remarkably lower in the OBCT group. No significant difference was found for metastasis and recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: OBCT had better cosmetic effects, fewer complications, and no adverse effects on metastasis and recurrence.

Keywords: Cosmetic Techniques, Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms, Postoperative Complications