Effect of Lung Recruitment Maneuvers on Reduction of Atelectasis Determined by Lung Ultrasound in Patients More Than 60 Years Old Undergoing Laparoscopic Surgery for Colorectal Carcinoma: A Prospective Study at a Single Center
Yujiao Yang, Yuan Geng, Donghang Zhang, Yong Wan, Rurong Wang
Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, Sichuan, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e926748
Available online: 2020-08-26
Atelectasis occurs in patients of all ages during various surgeries. Previous studies have mainly focused on perioperative atelectasis in infants. However, research on the incidence of atelectasis among elderly patients, particularly those undergoing laparoscopic surgeries, is limited. Therefore, this prospective study aimed to investigate the effect of lung recruitment maneuvers (LRMs) on the reduction of atelectasis determined by lung ultrasound in patients more than 60 years old undergoing laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this evaluator-blinded clinical study, 42 patients more than 60 years old diagnosed with colorectal carcinoma were randomly grouped either into a lung recruitment maneuver (RM) group or control (C) group. All patients were scheduled for laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia using the lung-protective ventilation strategy. Lung ultrasonography was carried out at 3 predetermined time intervals. Patients in the RM group received ultrasound-guided recruitment maneuvers once atelectasis was discovered by lung ultrasound. Scores of lung ultrasound were used for assessing the severity of lung atelectasis.
RESULTS: At the end of the operation, the occurrence of atelectasis was 100% in the RM group and 95% in the C group. After RMs, the frequency of atelectasis in the RM group and C group was 50% and 95%, respectively (P<0.01). Postoperative pulmonary complications were not different between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: At a single center, patients more than 60 years old undergoing laparoscopic surgery for colorectal carcinoma had a prevalence of lung atelectasis of 100% and although LRMs significantly reduced the incidence of pulmonary atelectasis, they did not improve postoperative pulmonary complications.
Keywords: Colorectal Neoplasms, pulmonary atelectasis, Ultrasonography, Doppler