Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2, Matrix Metalloproteinase-9, Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1, and Changes in Alveolar Septa in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Yongxiang Zhang, Yuechuan Li, Zhen Ye, Hui Ma
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e925278
Available online: 2020-08-31
This study investigated the relationship between the pathological alteration of alveolar septa and (1) pulmonary function and (2) matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) expression in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients with pulmonary disease were divided into control (n=20) and COPD (n=40) groups. Postoperative lung tissue specimens were examined. Hematoxylin and eosin and elastin van Gieson staining detected pathological alterations of pulmonary alveolar septa. Septa thickness was measured. MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 expression levels were detected by immunohistochemical staining. Correlations were determined by Pearson analysis.
RESULTS: Forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV₁), forced vital capacity, FEV₁ percent predicted (FEV₁%pre), and diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide percent predicted (DLCO%pre) in COPD patients were significantly lower than in those of the control group (P<0.05). MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 expression levels were significantly higher in the COPD group than in control, especially the severe group (P<0.05). Septa thickness was negatively correlated with FEV₁%pre (r=-0.335; P<0.05) and positively correlated with MMP-2 and TIMP-1 expression (P<0.05). Proportion of collagenous fiber was negatively correlated with FEV₁%pre and DLCO%pre (P<0.01), and positively correlated with MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 expression (P<0.01). Proportion of elastic fibers was negatively correlated with collagenous fiber.
CONCLUSIONS: The pathological alteration of alveolar septa was correlated with pulmonary function and expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, and TIMP-1, which can play vital roles in COPD progression.
Keywords: Matrix Metalloproteinase 9, Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory Function Tests