Jarosław Pinkas, Mateusz Jankowski, Łukasz Szumowski, Aleksandra Lusawa, Wojciech S. Zgliczyński, Filip Raciborski, Waldemar Wierzba, Mariusz Gujski
School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924730
Available online: 2020-04-07
This study aimed (1) to present public health interventions to mitigate the early spread of SARS-CoV-2 implemented in Poland between January 9 and March 29, 2020, and (2) to analyze the potential impact of these regulations on the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak in Poland.
All legal regulations published in the Journal of Laws between January 9 and March 29, 2020, were analyzed. Out of 406 legal regulations identified, 56 were related to the COVID-19 outbreak. Moreover, the official announcements published on the governmental websites dedicated to the coronavirus and health issues were analyzed.
On March 4, Poland reported the first laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case. On March 9, Poland introduced border sanitary control. Six days after the first laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case, all mass events in Poland were banned. All schools and universities were closed 8 days after the first COVID-19 case. All gastronomic facilities and sport and entertainment services were limited starting on March 14. Eleven days after the first COVID-19 case, controls at all Polish borders were introduced, and a ban on entry into Poland by foreigners (with some exemptions) was implemented. Starting on March 15, all citizens returning from abroad had to undergo compulsory 14 days self-quarantine. On March 20, a state of epidemic was announced, which resulted in new social distancing measures starting on March 25.
In Poland, compared to other European countries, far-reaching solutions were implemented relatively early to reduce the spread of infection.
Keywords: Coronavirus, Coronavirus Infections, COVID-19, epidemics, Health Policy