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eISSN: 1643-3750

Clinical Efficacy of Combined Hysteroscopic and Laparoscopic Surgery and Reversible Ligation of the Uterine Artery for Excision and Repair of Uterine Scar in Patients with Type II and III Cesarean Scar Pregnancy

Lina Huang, Lingjun Zhao, Huiwei Shi

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ningbo Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924076

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.924076

Available online: 2020-05-07

Published: 2020-06-29


BACKGROUND: With the changes in China’s family planning policy, the incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) significantly increased in recent years. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of combined hysteroscopic and laparoscopic surgery and reversible ligation of the uterine artery for cesarean scar excision and repair in patients with type II and III CSP.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 173 patients with type II and III CSP. They were assigned to the hysteroscopy and laparoscopy group (group A), hysteroscopy group (group B), and curettage group (group C) according to the surgery they underwent. The surgical indicators (intraoperative bleeding volume and hospital stay), postoperative recovery (time of serum ß-hCG returning to the normal, postoperative residual lesion, the thickness of the uterine scar, and recovery time of menstruation), and the postoperative complications were compared among the 3 groups.
RESULTS: In patients with type II and III CSP, significant differences (P<0.05) were observed between group A vs. groups B and C in terms of the time of serum ß-HCG returning to normal, postoperative residual lesions, the thickness of the uterine scar, and recovery time of menstruation, while there were no significant differences in intraoperative bleeding volume and postoperative hospital stay (P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: For patients with type II and III CSP, hysteroscopy and laparoscopy surgery and reversible ligation of the uterine artery achieved better clinical outcomes than hysteroscopy or curettage with respect to postoperative recovery. This could be suitable for patients with CSP and desire for fertility.

Keywords: Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, Postoperative Complications, uterine artery embolization



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