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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research


eISSN: 1643-3750

A Novel Metallic Artifact Reduction Technique When Using a Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Metallic Antenna to Ablate Malignant Pulmonary Nodules: A Qualitative and Quantitative Assessment

Guorong Wang, Zhiwei Wang, Zhengyu Jin

Department of Radiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China (mainland)

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923541

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923541

Available online: 2020-04-21

Published: 2020-06-11


BACKGROUND: Metallic microwave ablation (MWA) antenna-related artifacts are usually created in conventional CT images, and these artifacts can influence the effect of ablation. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new type of metal artifact reduction (MAR+) technique in CT-guided MWA for lung cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 30 lung cancer patients who received CT-guided MWA treatment from December 2017 to April 2018. Images after microwave antenna insertion into the tumor were reconstructed by the filter back projection (group A) and MAR+ reconstruction (group B). The CT values and standard deviations of the regions of interest (ROIs) on the chosen image were recorded, including the most significantly hypodense artifact (ROI₁), hyperdense artifacts (ROI₂), and chest muscles of the same layer (ROI₃). The metal artifact indexes based on ROI₁ and ROI₂ (AI₁, AI₂) and the overall metal artifact index (AI) were calculated. Subjective image quality was graded on a five-point scale (1=worst, 5=excellent).
RESULTS: The AI₁ (74.14±76.32), AI₂ (13.75±19.02) and AI (54.12±54.82) of group B were lower than those of group A [(153.33±89.04), (30.63±26.42), (112.00±63.10), respectively] (P<0.001 for all). Both radiologists reported that the subjective image value of group B was significantly higher than that of group A (P<0.001). The subjective image quality scores evaluated by 2 observers showed excellent consistency (ICC=0.829).
CONCLUSIONS: The MAR+ imaging reconstruction significantly reduced metal artifacts, which helps radiologists to clearly observe the relationship between the ablation antenna and the lesion.

Keywords: Artifacts, Lung Neoplasms, Microwaves, Tomography, X-Ray Computed