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07 April 2020 : Database Analysis  

Sex Differences in Osteoarthritis Pathogenesis: A Comprehensive Study Based on Bioinformatics

Yunfeng Yang1BE, Xiaomeng You2BE, Jordan Daniel Cohen2CE, Haichao Zhou1CD, Wenbao He1CD, Zihua Li1BD, Yuan Xiong3AG, Tao Yu1AG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923331

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923331

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common disorder in the elderly. OA influences the daily life of patients and has become a worldwide health problem. It is still unclear whether the pathogenesis mechanism is different between males and females. This study investigated the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and explored the different signaling pathways of OA between males and females.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data sets of GSE55457, GSE55584, and GSE12021 were retrieved from Gene Expression Omnibus to conduct DEGs analysis. Enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway and Gene Ontology term was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) bioinformatics tool. The protein interaction network was constructed in Cytoscape 3.7.2. qRT-PCR was then performed to validate the expression of hub genes in OA patients and healthy people.

RESULTS: In total, 4 co-upregulated and 10 co-downregulated genes were identified. We found that enriched pathways were different between males and females. BCL2L1, EEF1A1, EEF2, HNRNPD, and PABPN1 were considered as hub genes in OA pathogenesis in males, while EEF2, EEF1A1, RPL37A, FN1 were considered as hub genes in OA pathogenesis in females. Consistent with the bioinformatics analysis, the qRT-PCR analysis also showed that the gene expression of BCL2L1, HNRNPD, and PABPN1 was significantly lower in male OA patients. In contrast, EEF2, EEF1A1, and RPL37A were significantly lower in female OA patients.

CONCLUSIONS: The DEGs identified may be involved in different OA disease progression mechanisms between males and females, and they are considered as treatment targets or prognosis markers for males and females. The pathogenesis mechanism is sex-dependent.

Keywords: Diagnosis, Orthopedics, Osteoarthritis

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Editorial

01 January 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Patients

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750