Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

12 March 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Thyroid Hormone Metabolite 3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) Alleviates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Cardiac Myocyte Apoptosis via Akt/FoxO1 Pathway

Haiyan Zhou1ABCDE, Bailong Hu2AC, Xingde Liu13ABEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923195

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923195


BACKGROUND: The thyroid hormone metabolite 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) is rapidly emerging as promising compound of decreasing heart rate and lowering cardiac output. The aim of our study was to fully understand the molecular mechanism of T1AM on cardiomyocytes and its potential targets in cardiovascular diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed an in vitro myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model of AC-16 cells by hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. Cell viability of AC-16 cells was detected using CCK-8 assay and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. RNA-seq was used to characterize the gene expression in H/R-induced AC-16 cells after T1AM treatment. The mRNA levels of FoxO1, PPARα, Akt, and GCK and the protein levels of PPARα, GCK, and components of the Akt/FoxO1 pathway were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively.

RESULTS: Exogenous T1AM increased the H/R-induced AC-16 cell viability in a relatively low concentration. A total of 210 DEGs, including 142 upregulated and 68 downregulated genes, were determined in H/R-induced AC-16 cells treated with or without T1AM. A Venn diagram showed 135 common DEGs. The FoxO signaling pathway was identified via KEGG enrichment analysis of these 135 DEGs. Moreover, T1AM mediated hypometabolism and reduced the apoptosis of H/R-induced AC-16 cells via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous T1AM protects against cell injury induced by H/R in AC-16 cells via regulation of the FoxO signaling pathway. Our results suggest that T1AM can play a preventive role in myocardial H/R injury and also provide new insight for clinical management of AMI patients.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Cell Hypoxia, Myocytes, Cardiac, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Forkhead Box Protein O1, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Signal Transduction, Thyronines



01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750