Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

12 March 2020 : Laboratory Research

Thyroid Hormone Metabolite 3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) Alleviates Hypoxia/Reoxygenation-Induced Cardiac Myocyte Apoptosis via Akt/FoxO1 Pathway

Haiyan Zhou1ABCDE, Bailong Hu2AC, Xingde Liu13ABEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.923195

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923195


BACKGROUND: The thyroid hormone metabolite 3-iodothyronamine (T1AM) is rapidly emerging as promising compound of decreasing heart rate and lowering cardiac output. The aim of our study was to fully understand the molecular mechanism of T1AM on cardiomyocytes and its potential targets in cardiovascular diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We developed an in vitro myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury model of AC-16 cells by hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. Cell viability of AC-16 cells was detected using CCK-8 assay and apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. RNA-seq was used to characterize the gene expression in H/R-induced AC-16 cells after T1AM treatment. The mRNA levels of FoxO1, PPARĪ±, Akt, and GCK and the protein levels of PPARĪ±, GCK, and components of the Akt/FoxO1 pathway were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively.

RESULTS: Exogenous T1AM increased the H/R-induced AC-16 cell viability in a relatively low concentration. A total of 210 DEGs, including 142 upregulated and 68 downregulated genes, were determined in H/R-induced AC-16 cells treated with or without T1AM. A Venn diagram showed 135 common DEGs. The FoxO signaling pathway was identified via KEGG enrichment analysis of these 135 DEGs. Moreover, T1AM mediated hypometabolism and reduced the apoptosis of H/R-induced AC-16 cells via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous T1AM protects against cell injury induced by H/R in AC-16 cells via regulation of the FoxO signaling pathway. Our results suggest that T1AM can play a preventive role in myocardial H/R injury and also provide new insight for clinical management of AMI patients.

Keywords: Cell Hypoxia, Myocytes, Cardiac


Weekly Editorial

18 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123


20 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

In Press

20 Oct 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172  

19 Oct 2021 : Review article

Role of NLRP3 Inflammasome in Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury and Ventricular Remodeling

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934255  

18 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Adverse Side Effects Associated with Corticosteroid Therapy: A Study in 39 Patients with Generalized Myasth...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933296  

13 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Endovascular Repair of Thoracic Aorta Injury: 17 Years of Single-Center Experience

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934479  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750