15 September 2020 : Laboratory Research
Interleukin 37 (IL-37) Reduces High Glucose-Induced Inflammation, Oxidative Stress, and Apoptosis of Podocytes by Inhibiting the STAT3–Cyclophilin A (CypA) Signaling PathwayXiaobo Zhang1ABCDEFG*, Ying Zhu1BCDEF, Ying Zhou1BCDE, Bingru Fei1CDE
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e922979
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN), the formation of albuminuria, is one of the most important complications seen in diabetic patients. IL-37, an inhibitor of congenital inflammation and immune response, plays an important role in the occurrence and development of diabetes, but its study in DN has not been previously reported.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Podocyte transfection techniques were used to overexpress STAT3 and cyclophilin A (CypA). The expression of IL-37, STAT3, and CypA was detected by RT-qPCR and western blot. Cell survival was detected by CCK-8. The expression of inflammatory factors and molecules related to oxidative stress was detected by ELISA and western blot, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and western blot.
RESULTS: The expression of IL-37 was significantly decreased in high glucose-treated podocytes. IL-37 improved the survival rate of podocytes suffering from high glucose-induced apoptosis. It inhibited the expression of the inflammation-related factors tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), IL-1β, IL-6, malondialdehyde (MDA), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and promoted the expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in high glucose-treated podocytes. In addition, IL-37 inhibited the expression of the inflammation-related proteins MCP-1, NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1. IL-37 also inhibited high glucose-induced apoptosis of podocytes by inhibiting the expression of the apoptosis-related proteins Bax and cleaved caspase-3/6/9, and by promoting the expression of Bcl-2. At the same time, we found that the STAT3/CypA signaling pathway was activated after induction by high glucose, while it was inhibited after treatment with IL-37. Overexpression of STAT3 and CypA inhibited the effects of IL-37 on the alleviation of inflammation and oxidative stress and on the reduction of apoptosis of high glucose-treated podocytes.
CONCLUSIONS: IL-37 can significantly reduce podocyte inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis induced by high glucose, and can inhibit the STAT3-CypA signaling pathway. Upregulation of the STAT3-CypA signaling pathway can inhibit the protective effect of IL-37 against podocyte injury induced by high glucose.
Keywords: Diabetic Nephropathies, Oxidative Stress, Podocytes, Receptors, Interleukin
25 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease (ASCVD)
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935172
22 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365
11 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchClinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
27 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchUse of the Braden Scale to Predict Injury Severity in Mass Burn Casualties
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934039
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisLow Expression of Long Noncoding RNA SLC26A4 Antisense RNA 1 Is an Independent Prognostic Biomarker and Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934522
27 Oct 2021 : Database AnalysisA Novel Predictive Model Incorporating Ferroptosis-Related Gene Signatures for Overall Survival in Patients...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934050
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700