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17 March 2020 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Effects of Abdominal Draw-In Lumbar Stabilization Exercises with and without Respiratory Resistance on Women with Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Youn-Jung Oh1BDEF, Sam-Ho Park1BEF, Myung-Mo Lee2ACD*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.921295

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921295

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of abdominal draw-in lumbar stabilization exercises (ADIM) with respiratory resistance on women ages 40–49 years with low back pain.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four women ages 40–49 years were screened for participation and were randomly assigned to either a respiratory with resistance exercise group (n=22) or a control group (n=22). Abdominal draw-in lumbar stabilization exercises were administered to both groups, but only the respiratory with resistance exercise group received the respiratory resistance training. The exercise training lasted 50 min per session, 3 sessions per week for 4 weeks. The assessment methods used were the quadruple visual analogue scale (QVAS), Oswestry disability index-Korean version (ODI-K), diaphragm thickness and contraction rate, and lung capacity test.

RESULTS: Both groups showed significant differences in the QVAS, ODI-K, maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), and diaphragm thickness and contraction rate before and after the intervention (p<0.05). In the respiratory resistance exercise group, the ODI-K, forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), MVV, and diaphragm thickness and contraction rate showed significantly better improvement than the control group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: A lumbar stabilization exercise program consisting of ADIM and respiratory resistance resulted in decreased pain, reduced dysfunctions, and increased muscle thickness in contraction, contraction rate, and pulmonary function. Strong contraction of the diaphragm and deep abdominal muscles through breathing resistance increased the pressure in the abdominal cavity. Therefore, this may be an effective clinical exercise method for patients with lumbar instability.

Keywords: Airway Resistance, Diaphragm, Low Back Pain, Patient Care, Respiration, Respiratory Function Tests

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Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750