01 January 2020 : Clinical Research
Use of Laparoscopic Slip Knot with Purse-String Suture in Surgical Management of Unruptured Heterotopic Interstitial PregnanciesRuilin Lei1ABCEF, Jinxiao Liang1ABCD, Xiaoting Ling1CDE, Jing Xu1BDG, Sihua Liang2CDF, Hui Zhou1AEG*, Bingzhong Zhang1ACG
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e921185
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of using laparoscopic slip knot with purse-string suture technique in the surgical management of unruptured heterotopic interstitial pregnancies compared with other surgical strategies.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data on 13 patients with unruptured heterotopic interstitial pregnancies who underwent laparoscopy in our hospital between May 2012 and August 2018. The control group consisted of 10 patients who underwent cornual resection or cornuostomy with conventional sutures and knots. The study group consisted of 3 patients whose surgical plans involved use of the slip knot with purse-string suture technique followed by cornuostomy. We evaluated the surgical records and video to comparatively analyze their operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, and pregnancy outcomes.
RESULTS: The average volume of intraoperative blood loss was 76.67±25 ml in the study group and 215.00±110 ml in the control group. On average, the intraoperative blood loss volume in the study group was 138 ml less than in the control group and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the live birth rate and operation time between the 2 groups (P>0.05). The duration of hemostasis in the study group was 11 min shorter than in the control group, while the duration of cornual electrocoagulation in the study group was 18.5 s shorter. Both groups achieved thorough hemostasis without the help of vasopressin and avoided use of embryo-killing drugs such as methotrexate. Neither group required second surgery or developed postoperative complications such as uterus rupture or persistent ectopic pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS: This strategy is safe and reliable for gestational sac clearance while simultaneously preventing any potential harm to the intrauterine embryo. It is particularly suitable for unruptured HIP patients who have a strong desire to preserve their intrauterine embryos.
Keywords: Laparoscopy, Pregnancy, Ectopic, Pregnancy, Heterotopic, Suture Techniques
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