20 February 2020 : Laboratory Research
Antimicrobial Efficacy of Different Decontamination Methods as Tested on Dental Implants with Various Types of SurfacesPaweł Kubasiewicz-Ross1ACDEF*, Jakub Hadzik1AE, Tomasz Gedrange2AD, Marzena Dominiak1AB, Kamil Jurczyszyn1BCDE, Artur Pitułaj1BDEF, Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik3CD, Olga Bortkiewicz4ABD, Małgorzata Fleischer4ABD
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920513
BACKGROUND: Peri-implantitis is an inflammatory reaction affecting both hard and soft tissues surrounding dental implants. This pathological condition is caused by a polymicrobial aggressive biofilm that colonizes the implant and abutment surface at the peri-implant crevice level. The present in vitro study evaluated different methods of implant surface decontamination and assessed whether the type of the implant surface influences the results.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in an in vitro model of peri-implantitis using 30 implants. The implants were divided into 3 equal groups based on the surface characteristics: machined-surface, sand-blasted and acid-etched, and HA-coated. Implants were coated with E. coli biofilm. After an incubation period, they were decontaminated with 4 different methods: sonic scaler application, sonic scaler application with the chemical agent Perisolv® combination, Er: YAG laser treatment, and PDT therapy with methylene blue as a photosensitizer.
RESULTS: The highest level of decontamination was achieved for machined-surface implants and for the combined chemical-mechanical and Er: YAG laser treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest that the method of implant decontamination should be customized to the type of implant surface.
Keywords: Biofilms, Decontamination, Laser Therapy, Peri-Implantitis, Photochemotherapy, Anti-Infective Agents, Dental Implants, Durapatite, Escherichia coli, Lasers, Solid-State, Photosensitizing Agents, Surface Properties
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