Effects of an Informational Video About Anesthesia on Pre- and Post-Elective Cesarean Section Anxiety and Recovery: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Ying-Jie Che, Yuan-Li Gao, Jun Jing, Yong Kuang, Meng Zhang
Department of Anesthesiology, Third Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Shihezi University (Shihezi People’s Hospital), Shihezi, Xinjiang, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920428
Chinese Clinical Trial Registry # ChiCTR1800018321
Available online: 2020-02-12
Showing an informational anesthesia video can reduce the preoperative anxiety of parturients undergoing elective cesarean section (CS). However, the best method for presenting such videos remains unclear, and whether such videos can reduce the anxiety level of women during the entire perioperative period for CS (including preoperative and postoperative) has not been studied yet.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a single-center prospective randomized trial. We randomly divided 121 pregnant women who were scheduled to undergo elective cesarean section (CS) into 2 groups: one group was shown an informational video (video group) and another group was not (control group). Spielberger’s state-trait anxiety inventory was used to evaluate the perioperative anxiety level of parturient women at 3 time points: 1 day before CS, after video education, and 2 days after CS. Salivary cortisol level was evaluated to assess the patients’ anxiety level at these 3 time points. Finally, the maternal satisfaction scale for CS and an obstetric quality-of-recovery score (OBsQoR-11) were used to evaluate the satisfaction and recovery of the parturient women 2 days after CS.
RESULTS: Watching a video about anesthesia significantly reduced the anxiety level of the parturient women during the perioperative period (1 day before CS: p=1.00, p=0.96; after video education: p<0.01, p=0.004; 2 days after CS: p=0.01, p=0.01). The postoperative satisfaction scores were significantly improved in the video group (p=0.007). OBsQoR-11 scores in the video group and control group were not significantly different (p=0.48). Maternal anxiety level was moderately positively correlated with cortisol hormone level.
CONCLUSIONS: Showing an informational video about anesthesia (video+education) can significantly reduce perioperative anxiety and improve satisfaction after CS. Although it did not improve the postoperative recovery, it was still significant for anesthesia.
Keywords: Anesthesia, Anxiety, Cesarean Section, Patient Education as Topic, Recovery of Function, Saliva