Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 January 2020 : Laboratory Research  

Ferulic Acid Induces Apoptosis of HeLa and Caski Cervical Carcinoma Cells by Down-Regulating the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase (PI3K)/Akt Signaling Pathway

Liping Luo1BCD, Sihong Zhu2BCD, Yan Tong3CDE, Shiwei Peng4ACDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920095

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920095

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ferulic acid is an antioxidant phenolic compound derived from plants, which has effects on cancer cells. This study aimed to investigate the effects of ferulic acid on HeLa and Caski human cervical carcinoma cells and the molecular mechanisms involved.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: HeLa and Caski human cervical carcinoma cells were grown in culture and treated with increasing doses of ferulic acid. The MTT assay was used to evaluate cell viability. Flow cytometry was performed with 4’,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) and Annexin V staining for cell apoptosis. The expression of myeloid leukemia cell differentiation-1 (Mcl-1) protein and MCL-1 mRNA were determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

RESULTS: Ferulic acid significantly reduced HeLa and Caski cell viability in the concentration range of 4–20 µM (P<0.05). Ferulic acid treatment promoted DNA condensation and significantly increased apoptosis in Caski cells (P<0.05). Ferulic acid treatment resulted in the activation of pro-caspase-3, pro-caspase-8, pro-caspase-9, and PARP. The MTT assay showed that ferulic acid did not reduce the viability of Caski cells treated with the caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk. Ferulic acid reduced the levels of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1, and increased the levels of Bax and reactive oxygen species (ROS). In Caski cells, Akt and PI3K phosphorylation were reduced by ferulic acid in a concentration-dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS: The effects of ferulic acid were dose-dependent and resulted in cell cytotoxicity and apoptosis of HeLa and Caski cells, and the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway was down-regulated in Caski cells.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Caspase 8, Cytochrome c Group, DNA Damage, Caspases, Coumaric Acids, Down-Regulation, Enzyme Activation, Hela Cells, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2, Reactive Oxygen Species, Signal Transduction, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms

Comments

Editorial

01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prognostic Significance of Preoperative Integrated Liver Inflammatory Score in Patients with Hepatocellular...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937005  

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750