Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

08 May 2020 : Clinical Research  

A Model to Predict Treatment Failure of Single‑Dose Methotrexate in Patients with Tubal Pregnancy

Si Chen1ABCDEF, Fangfang Zhu1BCD, Yingxuan Zhang1BCD, Jing Li1BF, Jie Gao2ADG, Gaopi Deng2ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.920079

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e920079


BACKGROUND: In China, approximately 15% of tubal pregnancy patients treated with MTX eventually required surgery because the ectopic mass was ruptured; therefore, it is essential to develop a model to predict the risk of failure with methotrexate treatment in tubal pregnancy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this research, 168 patients met the eligibility criteria, and 29 candidate risk factors for treatment failure were collected. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors, and a full model was developed. We used a multiple fractional polynomial model and a stepwise model to increase the reliability. Bootstrap resampling for 500 times was used to internally test the prediction model. The integral performance of the model depends on the evaluation of the nomogram, the discriminative performance by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and calibration.

RESULTS: The model showed excellent discrimination and calibration. The area under the ROC curve for the prediction model, mfp model, and stepwise model were 0.879 (95% CI: 0.812–0.942), 0.872 (95% CI: 0.805–0.931), and 0.880 (95% CI: 0.817–0.949), respectively. At a cutoff value of ≥0.40, sensitivity was 60%, specificity was 91%, positive predictive value (PPV) was 81%, and negative predictive value (NPV) was 77%. The model provides a net benefit when clinical decision thresholds are between 0% and 40% of predicted risk.

CONCLUSIONS: This model indicated good accuracy in predicting methotrexate treatment failure for tubal pregnancy patients.

Keywords: China, Treatment Failure, Methotrexate, Pregnancy, Tubal, Models, Theoretical, nomograms, Pregnancy, ROC Curve, Reproducibility of Results, Retrospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Treatment Outcome



01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750