06 January 2020 : Laboratory Research
Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor 5 (LPAR5) Plays a Significance Role in Papillary Thyroid Cancer via Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/Akt/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) PathwayCheng-Yong Wu1ABC, Chen Zheng1C, Er-Jie Xia1D, Rui-Da Quan1C, Jing Hu1D, Xiao-Hua Zhang1EFG, Ru-Tian Hao1AD*
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e919820
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine system malignancy. Scientists have done considerable research into the molecular mechanisms involved, but many mechanisms remain undiscovered.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive analysis of the whole-transcriptome resequencing derived from thyroid tissues and paired papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and showed that lysophosphatidic acid receptor 5 (LPAR5) is strongly overexpressed in thyroid carcinoma. Then, we used TPC-1 and KTC-1 to explore the effect of LPAR5 knockdown on colony formation, migration, proliferation, invasion, and apoptosis of PTC cell line cells. AKT activator was used for the recovery test. Finally, we designed proteomic experiments to explore the role of LPAR5 in the AKT pathway and the EMT process.
RESULTS: Cell function experiments showed that LPAR5 knockdown can significantly induce apoptosis of KTC-1 and TPC-1 cells. Furthermore, LPAR5 can promote PTC metastasis and tumorigenesis by activating the PI3K/AKT pathway and decreasing its cancer-promoting effect when using AKT agonist. We also found that LPAR5 can regulate the expression of EMT-related proteins, which affect invasion and migration.
CONCLUSIONS: In summary, downregulation of LPAR5 expression can inhibit the physiological process of PTC, and this phenomenon is related to the PI3K/AKT pathway and EMT.
Keywords: Oncogene Protein v-akt, Receptors, Lysophosphatidic Acid, Adult, Aged, Apoptosis, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Male, Middle Aged, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Proteomics, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Signal Transduction, TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases, Thyroid Cancer, Papillary, Thyroid Gland
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048
04 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069
22 April 2022 : Clinical ResearchFactors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547
27 April 2022 : Meta-AnalysisEffect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823
20 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchEfficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614
19 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchAssociation Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323
18 May 2022 : Clinical ResearchPhysical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801
Most Viewed Current Articles
31 Dec 1969 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
31 Dec 1969 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
31 Dec 1969 : Review articleLong-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996