Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

13 December 2019 : Clinical Research  

Itraconazole Alters the Stem Cell Characteristics of A549 and NCI-H460 Human Lung Cancer Cells by Suppressing Wnt Signaling

Chuanhui Chen1BCDE, Wei Zhang1AFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.919347

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9509-9516

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) behave as their malignant counterparts, but persist after treatment, and possess properties that allow them to interact with their environment. Itraconazole, an antifungal agent, also has a role in suppressing tumor progression, but its effects in regulating tumor cell stemness remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of itraconazole on A549 and NCI-H460 human lung cancer cell stemness in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A549 and NCI-H460 human lung cancer cells and BEAS-2B normal bronchial epithelial cells were cultured with and without itraconazole. Cell viability was evaluated. The expression of stem cell markers, CD133, ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2), and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), were measured by Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Sphere-forming cells were evaluated in vitro.

RESULTS: Itraconazole reduced the expression of stemness molecules CD133, ABCG2, and ALDH1 in A549 and NCI-H460 human lung cancer cells, and the numbers of sphere-forming cells were reduced. However, itraconazole had little effect on cell viability but enhanced the chemosensitivity of A549 and NCI-H460 cells. Itraconazole inhibited Wnt signaling. Re-activation of Wnt signaling restored itraconazole-mediated inhibition on A549 and NCI-H460 cell stemness.

CONCLUSIONS: Itraconazole altered the stemness characteristics of A549 and NCI-H460 human lung cancer cells by suppressing Wnt signaling but did not affect cell viability.

Keywords: Itraconazole, Lung Neoplasms, Neoplastic Stem Cells, A549 cells, AC133 Antigen, ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2, Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 Family, Apoptosis, Cell Proliferation, Cell Survival, China, Wnt Signaling Pathway

Comments

Editorial

01 December 2021 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

22 April 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936547  

27 April 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Serum Vitamin D Levels in People Under Age 18 Years: A Systematic Review...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935823  

01 December 2021 : Clinical Research  

COVID-19: Another Cause of Dental Anxiety?

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936535

In Press

20 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy of Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy in Chronic Low Back Pain: A Prospective Randomized 3-...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936614  

19 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Serum Homocysteine Levels and Severity of Diabetic Kidney Disease in 489 Patients with ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936323  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Physical and Psychosocial Concept Domains Related to Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) in 50 Girls and ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936801  

18 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Association Between Variants of the Mannose-Binding Lectin 2 Gene and Susceptibility to Sepsis in the Haina...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936134  

Most Viewed Current Articles

31 Dec 1969 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

31 Dec 1969 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

31 Dec 1969 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750