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08 August 2019 : Clinical Research  

Biomechanical Effect of Foot Orthoses on Rearfoot Motions and Joint Moment Parameters in Patients with Flexible Flatfoot

KiHoon Han1ABCDEF*, Kangho Bae1BC, Nicholas Levine2DEF, JungOk Yang1AB, Joong-Sook Lee1AF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918782

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5920-5928

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effect of foot orthoses in terms of kinematics and kinetics during walking could be affected on different geometrical designs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical and clinical effects of 3 different insoles on rearfoot motion (RFM) and ankle joint moment parameters.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty eight university students with flexible flatfoot were recruited for this study, and each participant was asked to wear 3 different insoles: normal insole without arch support function, type A insole with only arch support function, and type B insole with both arch support and cushion pads for shock absorbing functions. Three-dimensional motion analysis was performed to compute the ranges and peak orientation angles of RFM and ankle joint moment parameters.

RESULTS: The type A and type B insoles exhibited significantly smaller peak everted position and evertor moment than the normal insole. Also, the type A insole showed significantly smaller range of rearfoot motion in the longitudinal axis and the length of MA (moment arm) in the mediolateral axis than the normal insole.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of the type A insole using arch support function was induced to promote a cautious gait pattern associated with a relatively lower potential risk compared to the normal insole. The type A and type B insoles could be important to positively reduce the possibility of injury. Also, the smaller length of MA in the type A insole might have a contribution to the decrease of ankle joint evertor moment.

Keywords: Ankle Joint, Biomechanical Phenomena, Flatfoot, foot orthoses, Foot, Gait, Kinetics, Knee Joint, Male, Motion, Movement, Shoes, Walking, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750