Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

18 October 2019 : Clinical Research  

Expression of Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factor 39 (ARHGEF39) and Its Prognostic Significance in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Jian Gao12ABCDEF, Wei-Dong Jia3EFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.918270

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7826-7835


BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that ARHGEF39 might be frequently upregulated in different cancer types and relevant to cancer progression. However, the expression pattern and clinicopathological features of ARHGEF39 in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) needs further exploration.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: ARHGEF39 expression level of HCC in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset was analyzed. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry were employed to determine ARHGEF39 mRNA and protein levels in our own study collected HCC tissues and matched non-cancerous tissues. Moreover, the association of ARHGEF39 expression with the clinicopathological factors and prognosis of HCC were investigated.

RESULTS: The level of ARHGEF39 in HCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues (P<0.05) from TCGA database. High level of ARHGEF39 was a significant prognostic factor of poor overall survival (OS) (TCGA, P=0.006). Consistently, the expression levels of ARHGEF39 mRNA and protein in HCC specimens were significantly higher than those in adjacent liver specimens (P<0.05) from our cohort. Further analysis revealed that high ARHGEF39 level was significantly associated with poor OS (P<0.001) and short disease-free survival (DFS) (P<0.001). Cox multivariate analysis indicated that ARHGEF39 was an independent, unfavorable prognostic factor (P=0.000) of OS and DFS.

CONCLUSIONS: ARHGEF39 might act as an oncogene in the progression of HCC and might serve as a promising potential prognostic indicator and therapeutic target for HCC.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, Prognosis, rho GTP-Binding Proteins, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Biomarkers, Tumor, Databases, Genetic, Disease-Free Survival, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Immunohistochemistry, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Liver, Liver Neoplasms, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Survival, transcriptome



01 May 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Cardiovascular Complications at One Year After SARS-CoV-2 Infection are Independent of Underlying Cardiovascular Risk Factors or Severity of COVID-19

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937048

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937048


24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

04 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Wearing Face Masks on Exercise Capacity and Ventilatory Anaerobic Threshold in Healthy Subjects ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936069  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

25 May 2022 : Review article  

Narrative Review of the Mechanism of Hip Prosthesis Dislocation and Methods to Reduce the Risk of Dislocation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935665  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Remimazolam Tosilate Sedation with Adjuvant Sufentanil in Chinese Patients with Liver Cirrhosis Undergoing ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936580  

24 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Screening for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Students at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland Between November...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936962  

23 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Fully Automatic Knee Joint Segmentation and Quantitative Analysis for Osteoarthritis from Magnetic Resonanc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936733  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750