Downregulation of SEMA4C Inhibit Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and the Invasion and Metastasis of Cervical Cancer Cells via Inhibiting Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1)-Induced Hela cells p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) Activation
Lilan Yang, Yayuan Yu, Zhenfang Xiong, Hongxia Chen, Buzhen Tan, Hui Hu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China (mainland)
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e918123
Available online: 2020-01-17
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in promoting invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. SEMA4C can regulate the generation of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1)-induced EMT in cervical cancer. This study investigated the relationship between the regulation of SEMA4C on TGF-ß1-induced p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and invasion and metastasis of cervical cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hela-shSEMA4C cell line was established and the success of transfection was confirmed with fluorescence intensity. Cell experiments were divided into 2 groups. Group 1 was Hela, Hela-shNC, and Hela-shSEMA4C; and Group 2 was Hela, Hela-shNC, Hela-shSEMA4C, Hela+TGF-ß1, Hela-shNC+TGF-ß1, and Hela-shSEMA4C+TGF-ß1. Group 1 was detected for SEMA4C mRNA expression by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), cell viability by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), F-actin fluorescence intensity by immunofluorescence, cell migration by scratch test, and cell invasion by invasion test. Group 2 was analyzed for E-cadherin fluorescence intensity by immunofluorescence, human fibronectin (FN) content by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and SEMA4C, E-cadherin and p-p38 expressions by Western blot.
RESULTS: For Group 1, compared with Hela and Hela-shNC subgroups, the SEMA4C mRNA expression, cell viability, F-actin fluorescence intensity, cell migration and invasion ability in the Hela-shSEMA4C subgroup were significantly decreased (P<0.05). For Group 2, compared with Hela and Hela-shNC subgroups, the E-cadherin expression and fluorescence intensity in the Hela-shSEMA4C subgroup were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the FN content, SEMA4C, and p-p38 MAPK expressions were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with Hela-shNC+TGF-ß1 and Hela+TGF-ß1 subgroups, the E-cadherin expression and fluorescence intensity in the Hela-shSEMA4C+TGF-ß1 subgroup were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the FN content, SEMA4C and p-p38 expressions were significantly decreased (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of SEMA4C can inhibit EMT and the invasion and metastasis of cervical cancer cells via inhibiting TGF-ß1-induced Hela cells p38 MAPK activation.
Keywords: MAP Kinase Signaling System, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Neoplasm Metastasis, Semaphorins, Transforming Growth Factor beta, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms