22 November 2019 : Clinical Research
Upregulation of Protease-Activated Receptor 2 Promotes Proliferation and Migration of Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs)Mei Wei1ABCDEF, Yongsheng Liu2BCF, Mingqi Zheng1BCD, Le Wang1BC, Fangfang Ma1D, Yanchao Qi1DE, Gang Liu1ACDEFG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8854-8862
BACKGROUND: Protease-Activated Receptor 2 (PAR2), a G-protein-coupled receptor, has been proved to be enhanced in human coronary atherosclerosis lesions. We aimed to investigate whether PAR2 actively participates in the atherosclerosis process.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: PAR2 expression was assessed in blood samples by RT-qPCR from healthy controls and patients with atherosclerosis. Human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were treated with oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). After PAR2 overexpression by transfection, cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8, and cell migration was evaluated by Transwell assay. The protein expressions associated with cell growth and migration were measured by Western blot. The distribution of α-SMA in VSMCs was evaluated by immunofluorescence.
RESULTS: Expression of PAR2 was higher in patients with atherosclerosis compared with normal controls. PAR2 mRNA and protein expression was increased in ox-LDL-treated VSMCs compared with control cells. Induced overexpression of PAR2 in VSMCs led to a reduction in α-SMA expression compared to controls. In addition, PAR2 overexpression caused increased migration compared to normal controls, and upregulated MMP9 and MMP14 expression. PAR-2 overexpression promoted cell proliferation compared to control cells, and increased expression levels of CDK2, and CyclinE1, but reduced levels of p27. We preliminary explored the potential mechanism of PAR2, and results showed that overexpression of PAR2 increased expression levels of VEGFA and Angiopoietin 2 compared to controls. Moreover, overexpression of PAR2 enhanced production of tissue factor and IL-8 compared to normal controls.
CONCLUSIONS: PAR2 promotes cell proliferation and disrupts the quiescent condition of VSMCs, which may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.
Keywords: atherosclerosis, Cell Dedifferentiation, Receptor, PAR-2
01 December 2021 : EditorialEditorial: SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Responses and Breakthrough COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935624
03 December 2021 : Laboratory ResearchInfluenza and Influenza-Like Respiratory Virus Infections in Children During the 2019/20 Influenza Season a...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934862
08 November 2021 : Database AnalysisVirtual Screening and Molecular Docking to Study the Mechanism of Chinese Medicines in the Treatment of Cor...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934102
01 November 2021 : EditorialEditorial: What Can be Learned from National and International Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting Systems Duri...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935299
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleA Review of the Impact of Neutrophils and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) on the Development of Aorti...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935134
07 Dec 2021 : Review articleAdie’s Pupil: A Diagnostic Challenge for the Physician
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934657
06 Dec 2021 : Animal ResearchAstragalus Flavone Induces Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Stem Cells in a Cerebral Infarction ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933830
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700