19 December 2019 : Clinical Research
Identification of Long Non-Coding RNA Expression Profiles and Co-Expression Genes in Thyroid Carcinoma Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) DatabaseYun Zhang1B, Taobo Jin1C, Haipeng Shen1D, Junfeng Yan1E, Ming Guan1F, Xin Jin1AG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9752-9769
BACKGROUND: Thyroid carcinoma is a malignancy with high morbidity and mortality. Genetic alterations play pivot roles in the pathogenesis of thyroid carcinoma, where long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) have been identified to be crucial. This study sought to investigate the biological functions of lncRNA expression profiles in thyroid carcinoma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The lncRNAs expression profiles were acquired from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database according to 510 thyroid cancer tissues and 58 normal thyroid tissues. By using R package edgeR, differentially expressed RNAs were obtained. Also, an overall survival model was established based on Cox regression and clinical data then testified by Kaplan-Meier plot, receiver operating characteristic (ROC)-curve and C-index analysis. We investigated the co-expressed genes with lncRNAs involved in the prognostic model, as well as Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis was conducted R package clusterProfile.
RESULTS: A total of 352 lncRNAs were identified as differentially expressed in thyroid carcinoma, and an overall survival model consisting of 8 signature lncRNAs was proposed (ROC=0.862, C-index=0.893, P<0.05), 3 of which (DOCK9-DT, FAM111A-DT, and LINC01736) represent co-expressed mRNAs. However, as an oncogene, only FAM111A-DT increased the prognostic risk in thyroid carcinoma. Furthermore, we found differential genes LINC01016, LHX1-DT, IGF2-AS, ND MIR1-1HG-AS1, significantly related to lymph node metastasis (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we clarified the differential lncRNA expression profiles which were related to the tumorigenesis and prognosis in thyroid carcinoma. Our results provide new rationale and understandings to the pathogenesis and regulatory mechanisms of thyroid carcinoma.
Keywords: carcinogenesis, Thyroid Neoplasms
This Week Editorial
20 September 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Autoantibodies to Components of the Immune System, Including Type 1 Interferons, and the Risk of Severe COVID-19
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e934766
08 September 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788
16 July 2021 : Review articleSilent Hypoxemia in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.930776
09 July 2021 : Database AnalysisA Simple Clinical Prediction Tool for COVID-19 in Primary Care with Epidemiology: Temperature-Leukocytes-CT...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.931467
20 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchComparison of the Use of Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Partial Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears Using Maxim...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932228
20 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchAutomated Boluses and Delayed-Start Timers Prolong Perineural Local Anesthetic Infusions and Analgesia Foll...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933190
16 Sep 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Retrospective Evaluation of Operative and Postoperative Outcomes in Patients with Spinal Metastases from ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932995
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700