28 September 2019 : Animal Research
Smoking Attenuates Efficacy of Penehyclidine Hydrochloride in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in RatsHongyan Zhao1ABCDE, Peng Wang2CE, Chengen Ma1BC, Chunting Wang2AE*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7295-7305
BACKGROUND: Penehyclidine hydrochloride is a novel drug for acute respiratory distress syndrome. The aim of the study was to reveal the impact of smoking on the efficacy of the drug in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 132 Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study; 72 rats were used in the smoking models. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (3 mg/kg) was injected to induce acute respiratory distress syndrome. Rats were divided into the smoking group and the non-smoking group; these 2 groups were subdivided according to different treatments. The arterial blood gas analysis (PaO₂/FiO₂) and extent of pneumonedema (wet-to-dry weight ratio) was analyzed to evaluate disease severity. Expressions of mitogen-activated protein kinases (p-p38MAPK, p38MAPK, p-ERK, ERK, p-JNK, and JNK) in lung tissue were measured using western blot assay.
RESULTS: Penehyclidine hydrochloride improved the pneumonedema (wet-to-dry weight ratio) and hyoxemia (PaO₂/FiO₂) of the disease in non-smoking group (P<0.001, P<0.001 respectively), but not in smoking group (P=0.244, P=0.424 respectively). The drug inhibited the expressions of phospho-p38MAPK and phospho-ERK in non-smoking group (P<0.001, P<0.001 respectively), but not in smoking group (P=0.350, P=0.507 respectively). In the smoking group, blocking the phospho-p38MAPK or phospho-ERK signal pathway by their inhibitors showed a better therapeutic effect on the pneumonedema and hyoxemia compared with the use of penehyclidine hydrochloride (phospho-p38MAPK: P=0.004, P=0.010 respectively; phospho-ERK: P=0.022, P=0.004 respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: The study confirmed the protective effect of penehyclidine hydrochloride in acute respiratory distress syndrome, mainly in the non-smoking group, which might be explained by the fact that phospho-p38MAPK and phospho-ERK signal pathways were difficult to inhibit by the drug in the smoking group.
Keywords: Lipopolysaccharides, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult, Smoking
18 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123
20 October 2021 : EditorialEditorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172
22 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchA Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365
11 October 2021 : Clinical ResearchClinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchUlnar Groove Plasty Guided by a 3D Printing Technique for Moderate to Severe Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Caused...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933775
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchTotal Fluoroscopy Time Reduction During Ultrasound- and Fluoroscopy-Guided Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliar...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933889
22 Oct 2021 : Clinical ResearchCorrelation Between Severity of Illness and Levels of Free Triiodothyronine, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933230
Most Viewed Current Articles
20 Mar 2020 : Clinical ResearchSocial Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921
15 Apr 2020 : Clinical ResearchPsychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171
05 May 2020 : Review articleAn Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development
Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700