Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

28 September 2019 : Animal Research

Smoking Attenuates Efficacy of Penehyclidine Hydrochloride in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Induced by Lipopolysaccharide in Rats

Hongyan Zhao1ABCDE, Peng Wang2CE, Chengen Ma1BC, Chunting Wang2AE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917037

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7295-7305

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Penehyclidine hydrochloride is a novel drug for acute respiratory distress syndrome. The aim of the study was to reveal the impact of smoking on the efficacy of the drug in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 132 Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this study; 72 rats were used in the smoking models. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (3 mg/kg) was injected to induce acute respiratory distress syndrome. Rats were divided into the smoking group and the non-smoking group; these 2 groups were subdivided according to different treatments. The arterial blood gas analysis (PaO₂/FiO₂) and extent of pneumonedema (wet-to-dry weight ratio) was analyzed to evaluate disease severity. Expressions of mitogen-activated protein kinases (p-p38MAPK, p38MAPK, p-ERK, ERK, p-JNK, and JNK) in lung tissue were measured using western blot assay.

RESULTS: Penehyclidine hydrochloride improved the pneumonedema (wet-to-dry weight ratio) and hyoxemia (PaO₂/FiO₂) of the disease in non-smoking group (P<0.001, P<0.001 respectively), but not in smoking group (P=0.244, P=0.424 respectively). The drug inhibited the expressions of phospho-p38MAPK and phospho-ERK in non-smoking group (P<0.001, P<0.001 respectively), but not in smoking group (P=0.350, P=0.507 respectively). In the smoking group, blocking the phospho-p38MAPK or phospho-ERK signal pathway by their inhibitors showed a better therapeutic effect on the pneumonedema and hyoxemia compared with the use of penehyclidine hydrochloride (phospho-p38MAPK: P=0.004, P=0.010 respectively; phospho-ERK: P=0.022, P=0.004 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: The study confirmed the protective effect of penehyclidine hydrochloride in acute respiratory distress syndrome, mainly in the non-smoking group, which might be explained by the fact that phospho-p38MAPK and phospho-ERK signal pathways were difficult to inhibit by the drug in the smoking group.

Keywords: Lipopolysaccharides, Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult, Smoking

0 Comments

Weekly Editorial

18 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: Global Initiatives Support the Use and Regulation of Digital Health Technology During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935123

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935123

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

20 October 2021 : Editorial

Editorial: The 2021 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines on the Real-World Prevention of Atheros...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935172  

22 October 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

11 October 2021 : Clinical Research

Clinical Features and Temporal Lung Radiographic Changes in 25 Patients Recovering from COVID-19 Pneumonia:...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933381  

08 September 2021 : Clinical Research

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.932788  

In Press

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Ulnar Groove Plasty Guided by a 3D Printing Technique for Moderate to Severe Cubital Tunnel Syndrome Caused...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933775  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Total Fluoroscopy Time Reduction During Ultrasound- and Fluoroscopy-Guided Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliar...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933889  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

Correlation Between Severity of Illness and Levels of Free Triiodothyronine, Interleukin-6, and Interleukin...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.933230  

22 Oct 2021 : Clinical Research

A Novel Method for the Production of an Autologous Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Catabolic Product (Cytorich) ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.934365  

Most Viewed Current Articles

20 Mar 2020 : Clinical Research

Social Capital and Sleep Quality in Individuals Who Self-Isolated for 14 Days During the Coronavirus Diseas...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.923921

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e923921

15 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Psychological Impact and Coping Strategies of Frontline Medical Staff in Hunan Between January and March 20...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924171

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924171

05 May 2020 : Review article

An Evidence Based Perspective on mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Development

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924700

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924700

26 Apr 2020 : Clinical Research

Comparison of Prevalence and Associated Factors of Anxiety and Depression Among People Affected by versus P...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.924609

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e924609

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750